Software is the set of instructions, program parameters, or data stored on a
disk. Remember, the disk itself is hardware; the data on the disk is software.
The two categories of software are operating system software and
Operating system software manages the operation of the entire computer
Its primary job is to manage the system and system resources, such
as the disks, the printers, and the modems. It also helps you to communicate
with the computer to use applications software. Install the operating system
program into the system hard drive with the distribution disks before
attempting to load any other program. Follow the owner/user manual. The
owner/user manual will tell you the setup command that will lead you
through the process from the display screen. Once you have the operating
system installed, put the original distribution disks in a safe place.
User or application software is program disks that help you to accomplish a
specific goal, such as DOS, Windows (PC), or System 7 (MAC).
Distribution disks for applications software require information about the
microcomputer configuration. Software programs have differing
requirements; therefore, refer to the owner/user manual for installation.
Once you have installed the applications software, put the original
distribution disks in a safe place.
Consciously develop a good, systematic approach in your work habits. Have
your reveal codes displayed on the screen while you are working. This
allows you to see any coding errors in the document. You will find it easier
to make corrections to the text of a document when you eliminate coding
errors. Break the habit of hitting the ENTER or RETURN key; it
unnecessarily enters an undesirable hard return. Save the current document
periodically. Do this more often than relying just on the timed backup
feature. This will lessen data loss should the system crash or freeze.
Another excellent work habit is to save all documents on working copy disks.
This saves memory space, facilitates safeguarding and protection, and should
the computer develop a virus or lose data during power fluctuations, the
damages would be recoverable. Although initially cumbersome, these habits
will prove well worth your effort to cultivate and maintain.