Selecting the most appropriate method of presentation depends upon the
objectives of the originator and the intended message. Often, the originator
makes this decision before requesting artwork. However, if the choice has
not been made, or the originator is open to suggestion, your expertise in
presentation methods becomes invaluable.
Types of aids
Once the objectives and information have been set, make a decision on how
to effectively convey the information and what type of training aids you
intend to use. A flyer or poster may suffice, or perhaps the information
warrants a lengthy brief. Regardless of the form of presentation, the two
major types of briefing or training aids are manipulative aids and
Manipulative aids are training aids that physically require audience
participation. This method could be complicated and tax the intellectual and
physical abilities of the student, such as a flight trainer, or simple, such as
writing on a lecture pad. Manipulative aids teach skills.
As a DM, most of your work involves demonstrative aids. These training
aids present material or knowledge functions for the student to intellectually
digest. Demonstrative aids show objects, processes, or concepts. They
depict things that are naturally invisible (gases, electrons), hidden (internal
parts), obscure (difficult to understand), or dangerous. Demonstrative aids
can be dynamic or static.
Dynamic aids are demonstrative aids that show movement, progressive
disclosure, or some form of change. Examples of dynamic training aids are
video, motion pictures, viewgraphs with overlays, and computer-generated
presentations and animation.
Static aids are demonstrative aids that are static in nature and do not depict
movement or change. Examples of static aids include lecture pads, posters,
slides, and viewgraphs and cartoons.