Subtractive Theory of Color, Continued
The third dimension of color is intensity. Intensity, also known as chrome,
refers to the degree of strength, saturation, or purity of colors. Pigment
squeezed directly from the tube is at maximum intensity.
Changing the value
of pigment by adding white or black changes intensity but, not hue.
also reduce the intensity of pigment without changing the value or hue by
adding a neutral grey of equal value.
Reducing the intensity of pigments by
adding their compliment changes intensity and hue.
Before you start to paint, make small color thumbnail roughs.
color schemes to fit the subject. Use only general shapes and flat tones
without detail. Use colors that add interest to your work. Certain color
combinations are agreeable while others are offensive. Generally, color
schemes will fit achromatic, monochromatic, analogous, complimentary, split
complimentary, and triad color patterns.
Achromatic colors possess no hue. Neutral colors like white, grey, and black
are achromatic. These neutral colors are far from being negative because
they affect the appearance of other hues. Neutral colors are useful in
modifying the values and intensities of all hues.
Figure 2-15 shows an achromatic color scheme.
Figure 2-15.An achromatic color scheme.
Continued on next page