Alphabet styles reflect certain characteristics such as refinement, dignity,
boldness, and strength. Properly used, letter styles convey the feeling or
mode of messages. You should be able to recognize the different styles and
know something of their general usage.
The first distinction between letters is between capital letters and lower case
letters. Capital letters are referred to as caps or upper case (UC). Upper
case letters fill the distance between the capline and baseline. Occasionally,
letters between the waistline and baseline may appear as capital letters. Caps
that extend only from the baseline to waistline are called small caps.
Figure 5-17 illustrates the differences in caps and small caps.
Figure 5-17.Caps and small caps.