Architectural/Structural Steel Drawings, Continued
Vertical structural members extend from footings or a foundation to the roof
line. High strength vertical members are called columns or pillars. Short
columns or piers rest directly on footings or may be set into the ground. On
bridge structures, piers provide intermediate support for the bridge
superstructure. In light-frame and wood constructions, vertical structural
members are called studs. Sills or sole plates are horizontal members that
support the bottom of studs on the foundations while rafter plates, top plates
or stud caps anchor the top. Enlarged or combined studs at a corner position
are referred to as corner posts.
Figure 4-13 shows light-frame vertical members.
Figure 4-13.Vertical members of a light-frame (wood) construction.
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