Process and Copy Cameras
Some Navy graphics shops and most Navy print shops use process or copy
cameras. You should understand the limitations and capabilities of these
cameras before you begin creating art intended for photographic reduction or
Process cameras are large studio-type cameras that use sheet film or paper.
These cameras may be horizontal or vertical in construction. Horizontal
process cameras are either darkroom cameras or gallery cameras. Darkroom
cameras have the film plane built into a wall. The other side of the wall is in
the darkroom. Darkroom cameras are loaded with film from the darkroom.
Repositioning copy requires you to exit the darkroom and enter the part of
the shop or studio that houses the forward part of the camera. Gallery
cameras are free-standing horizontal units. Vertical process cameras take up
less space. Both horizontal and vertical process cameras are available with
fully automated exposure control. Some of the newer process cameras
automatically develop the film or paper after exposure.
Figure 7-3 shows examples of the two types of process cameras.
Figure 7-3.Process cameras: A. Darkroom cameras;
B. Gallery cameras.
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