The principal requirement of the other pages, such as the preface or table of
contents, are legibility and attractiveness. When you plan the index, place
convenience for the reader ahead of artistic design. Index pages are set in 8-
point type with hanging indentations and initials or words set in capitals or
boldface type. Divide the index pages into two or three columns.
Indicate areas of text by drawing a rectangle or ruling in a series of lines.
Trace or rough-in display text. Cutlines (captions or legends) below the
illustrations are text that pertain directly to the image. Set a caption a full
column width regardless of the width of the illustration. If a legend consists
of one or two lines, center it, otherwise, create a hanging indentation by
setting the first line flush left and indenting the following line 1 em.
Sketch or trace illustrations or draw a rectangle and indicate which
illustration or photograph belongs in that area. Place them close to the text
to which they apply. If an illustration is narrower than the type or if it does
not have a square outline, run four or five lines of type above and below it to
square up the page. For extremely narrow art, set the type on a narrow
measure and place it beside the illustration.
Place single illustrations at the top or at the optical center of the page. The
optical center is one tenth (page length) above the mathematical center of the
In book work, consider facing pages as a unit. The right page predominates
the left so if you have only one illustration, place it on the right-hand side of
the layout. If you have two illustrations, share them between the two pages.
Visually balance page layout, either symmetrically or asymmetrically.
One unusual creative technique is a bleed illustration. These illustrations
have no margin between the edge of the image and the edge of the page.
They appear to bleed right off the page. Use this technique sparingly. Do
not bleed every illustration in the publication. If you have several related
images, you may group them together as a montage and allow the overall
montage to bleed from the page.
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